Many people think that religions are only beliefs that are formalized and recognized by the state, including Indonesia. Mostly, people who adhere to local beliefs are seen as negative and considered heretical. In fact, local religions are much different from heretical sects.
Local religions or customary beliefs are indigenous tribal religions that existed long before foreign religions entered the archipelago. This religion is usually the belief of the ancestors from generation to generation. For example, there are Kejawen, Sunda Wiwitan, Aluk Todolo, and several others. Most of them also have human values that are emulated by other communities.
So, why are these religions vulnerable to being considered heretical?
News regarding discrimination continues to circulate. Even people who adhere to this local belief are forced to pretend to adhere to other religions such as Islam in their identity. This is only because they do not want to be underestimated and are considered unsettling for the residents.
For example, the form of discrimination experienced by adherents of this local belief is that it is difficult to get a KK and e-KTP, it is difficult to get a job because the religion columns on the E-KTP and KK are left blank, it is difficult to get a marriage certificate and a birth certificate.
Just like one of the families of the Sapto Darmo believers in Brebes Regency who was refused burial in a public cemetery because the religious column was empty.
Then, reported on the CNN.com website, the National Commission on Violence against women stated that there were at least 115 cases of violence against women of ancestral beliefs from 2010 to 2015.
In 2020, based on the article uploaded by Kudus Purnomo on the Alinea page. TED en, the tomb of the Akur Sunda Wiwitan community's elders was also sealed so that the Akur community could not build a tomb in it. In fact, according to Okky, a Sundanese Wiwitan adherent, building a tomb should not require a building permit. The permit process is also long. They also received threats from intolerant groups by considering them as heretical groups.
There is no significant change from year to year regarding the discrimination felt by the adherents of this local religion. They are still being cornered by the majority. Their civil rights were taken away. All because their beliefs are different from their surroundings, so they are strange and heretical.
They are seen as worshipers of strange, evil, and sadistic things. They are also considered dangerous and bring bad luck. Heretical itself can be interpreted as a theological or religious view or doctrine that is considered contrary to mainstream religious beliefs or systems, which are positioned as true teachings.
Thus, the assessment of heresy is truly subjective and refers to the majority and minorities in the area. That is why followers of minority faiths will be labeled as heretical by the majority. Thus, not only local religions can be considered heretical, but even official religions can also be considered heretical by most of the population who adhere to local religions.
It just so happens that local religions are a minority in Indonesia, so they are prone to discrimination in it. In fact, they are the same as the official religions in general. They also pray and perform rituals of worshiping God in their beliefs. They are also taught good faiths and things in their beliefs.
They are not dangerous and harm the Indonesian state if they carry out the obligations that are in their beliefs. They only maintain the religion that they and their ancestors had embraced long before religions from abroad emerged. What is considered heretical is not heretical, but only different teachings.
Humans are said to be heretical not because of their teachings or beliefs, but because of their bad words and deeds.
For example, a grandfather in Jember embraced the Kejawen religion. He is a very old man, and religion is derived from his previous ancestors. He is a kind person, friendly, and has good manners. Every day he prays to his God, just like Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, or Hinduism when praying. He prayed in Javanese. The ritual that is carried out is just from the Kejawen religion. It is very far from being heretical because they are the same as other religions that also have God and rituals.
Thus, to overcome the discrimination that occurs, it needs awareness from all parties that it is important for us to try to accept the existence of a difference around us. That Indonesia is Bhineka Tunggal Eka, where the people are diverse, including their religions.
The examples above are only a small part of the total discrimination felt by minorities, if this continues, it is feared that Indonesia will be destroyed and divided. If it does not break the law and is positive, it never hurts to support and protect each other. That every teaching that teaches truth and peace is not heretical, because it has one common goal, world peace.
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